▒ 뉴욕의 퍼블릭 아트 ⑭ 거리의 조각들; 알렉산더 칼더, 로버트 인디애나, 얼스 피셔
   
   
 
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???? ???????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ??Saurien??, ???? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ??LOVE', ?????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??Untitled(Lamp/Bear)???? ????????. ?????? ???????? 50??-60???? ???????? ???? ???? ???????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ????.


ALEXANDER CALDER,
ROBERT INDIANA AND URS FISCHER



?????? ?????????? ???????? ??????. ?????? ??????????????????, ?????????????? ?? ???? ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ???? ?????? ????(Museum Avenue), ????(MoMA)???? ???????? ???????? ?? ?? ?????? ??????????????, ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ????(Chelsea) ???? ?? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?? ?????? ?? ?? ????. ???? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ??????. ?????? ?????? ???? ??, ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????????????? ?????? ????, ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ????. ?????? ???? ?????? ?? ?? 5??, ???? ???????? ?? ?????????? ?? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????????? ????.

???????? ??????Saurien??
?????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ????????, ???? ?????? ????????(50??-60??)?? ???? ???? ???? ?? ??-???????? ????, ?????? ????????, ?????? ???? ????-?? ?? ???? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????. ?? ???? ?????? ???????? ????(mobile)???? ?????? ???????? ????(Alexander Calder, ????, 1898-1976)?? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? 590?????? ?????? ????????. ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? 57???? ?????? 590?????? ??????(Madison Avenue) ???? ???????? ???????? ?????? ??????Saurien???? ???????? ????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? 590?????? ???????? 1983?? ?????? 41?????? ??????, ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????????. ???? ???? IBM?? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????(Edward Larrabee Barnes, ????, 1915-2004)?? ???????? ??????. ?? ?????? 1994?? ?????? ????????(E.J. Minskoff Equities Inc)?? ?????? ?????? IBM ???? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ????.

???????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ????????, ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????????????? ?????? ????????. ?????? ???????? ???????????? ???? ???????? ????????, ????(Stevens Institute of Technology)?????? ?????? ????????????????. 1919?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ???? ???????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??, 1923?? ???? ????????????????(Art Students League)?? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ???????? ????. ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????(mobile)???? ????????(stabile)???? ?? ???????? ?????? ?? ????. ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ?????? ????????. ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????. ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???????? ????, ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????. ???? ?????? ?????? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ????(Kinetic Art)?? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ????. ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????????? 1950???? ???????? ???????? ????????.

???? ?????????? ???????? ??Saurien???? 1975?? ????????, ?? ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ????. ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????????? ?? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?? ????. ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ?????????? ???????? ???????? ???? ???? ?????????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ???????? ???? ????????. ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????????? ????.



?????? ???????? ??Love??
?? ???? ?????? 55???? 6???????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???? ??Love??????. ?????? ????????(Robert Indiana, ????, 1928-)?? ?????? ??????(Pop Art)?? ???????? ???? ?? ?? ???????? ???????? ?? ?????? ????. ???? ???? ??Love???? ???????? ???????? ????, ?????? 1965?? ??????????????(The Museum of Modern Art)?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ???????? ??????. ???? ??????, ??????, ?????? ???????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ??Love???????? ???? ?????? ??????, ???? 1970???????? ???? ?? ???? ???????? ?????????? ??????, ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ?? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???????? ???????? ???????? ??????.

???? ???????????? ??Love???? ?????????? ?????? ?????? 1966?? ???? ??????????????(Stable Gallery) ???????? ?????? ??????. ???? ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????? ??L???? ??O???? ?? ?????? ??V???? ??E?????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ????, ????, ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?????????? ????. ???? ?? ?????? ???? ???? ???????????? ???? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ?? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ????.

???? ?????? ?????????? 1928?? ???????? ?? ?????? ????????, ?????? ?????? ????(Robert Clark)????????, ???????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ????????. ???? ?????????? ???? ??????(School of the Art Institute of Chicago)???? ?????????? ??????(1953), 3???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ?? 1956?? ?????? ???????? ?????????? ?????? ????????. ???????? ?? ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ?????? ??????????, ???? ?????????????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ??????????, ?????? ?????????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ???????? ????????(????????, ?????????? ???????? ????) ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ????.



???? ???? ??Untitled(Lamp/Bear)??
?????????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ????(Seagram Building)?? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ??Untitled(Lamp/Bear)????????, ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ????(Urs Fischer, ??????, 1973-)?? ????????. ?????? ?? ?????? 20???? ??????, ???? ?????? 7?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ????. ?????? ?????? ???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???? ???? ???????? ?????? ???????? ????. ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ???? ?????? ????????(3D)?? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ??, ???? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???? ???????? ?????? ??????. ?????? ?????? ??????????, ?? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ???????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ???? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ???????????? ????????. ?????? ???????? ?? ?? ??????, ?? ???? ?????????? ?????? ?? ???? ??????????. ???????? ?????? ?? ?????? ????????(Christie??s) ?????? ?????? ?????????? ??????. 2011?? 5???? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?? ?? ?? ???? 4?????? 6???? ????????(9?? ?????? ????) ?????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ????. ???? ?????? ?? ???? ???????? ???? ???????????? ?????? ?????? ???? ????, ?????? ?????? ????(?????????? ?????????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ?????? ???? ?????????? ??????)?? ???????? ?????????? ?????????? ??????????. ???? ?????????? ???? ?????? ?? ?????? ???? ?????? ?? 9???? ??(???? ?? 110?? ??) ??????????, ???? ???? ?????? ?? 7???? ??(???? ?? 84?? ??)?? ???? ?????? ??????????.

???? ???? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???????? ???? ?????? ???? ??????, 2009?? ????????(New Museum)?????? ?????? ???? ???? ???????? ??????????, ?????? ?????? ???????????? ???????? ???? ???????? ?????? ?????? ???????? ?????? ???? ???????? ????????.




???????? ???? _ ??????

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???????? ?????????? ?????????? ???????? ???????????? ?????? ??, ?????????? ???????????? ???????????? ?????????? ??????????. 2007?????? ???????? ???? ?????????????? ?????????? ???????? ?????? ?????????? ???? ???? ???? ???? ????.